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tv   Journal  PBS  August 6, 2013 6:30pm-7:01pm PDT

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>> hello and welcome to the journal. >> straight ahead -- >> accord and hunger refines the four men guilty of killing families in a series of racially motivated attacks. >> a new era for the newspaper that brought down a presidency. amazon founder jeff bezos is to buy the washington post. >> a big anniversary on mars. the one-year anniversary of the curiosity rover on the surface of the red planet.
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>> thanks for joining us. a court in hungary has convicted for right-wing extremist for murders in 2008 and 2009. three received life sentences and a fourth man got a 14-year sentence. >> hon. officials have been accused of moving slowly to investigate the crimes -- hungarian officials have been accused of moving slowly. >> hostility toward minorities has grown in hungary in recent years. a far-right party has become the third largest in parliament. >> the men shot dead one victim was she was sleeping. they also set a house on the buyer. and those inside tried to escape, they shot dead a child
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and his father. >> the accused are guilty as charged. they are sentenced to life in prison without parole. >> she is the mother of the man killed while fleeing his burning home. she says authorities botched investigations. >> there are many strange things about this case. the problem is that little things that could have turned up more clues were not examined properly. many say the sentence has not delivered justice and will do nothing to ease tensions. the tension is palpable where the town council recently cut the water supply to residents. hungary's governing party called the action responsible, even though it has been a hot summer. the trial of the perpetrators has received little attention.
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the accused will appeal tuesday's verdict. they showed no emotion as the verdict was being read. >> in another case, a court in munich her final day of evidence tuesday in the trial of the sole surviving member of a neo-nazi terror sale before it goes on summer recess. >> the trial was for the killing of 10 people, most of them immigrants. >> there are allegations of the country's police and intelligence agencies ineptitude. >> for more than 30 trial date now, the same ritual. she enters the courtroom and turns her back on the cameras. during proceedings, she remained silent. the court heard witnesses give evidence in the killings. both were snack bar owners, just two of the 10 victims allegedly executed by the neo-
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nazis terrorist cell. >> it is clear to me that she played a central role. she was there for all the decisions. she was there when weapons were given over. she had to have seen handcuffs and weapons in the apartment. so this image of her as someone who happened to be in the wrong place at the wrong time cannot be upheld. >> but according to the defense, evidence of her guilt is still weak. >> as her defense team we have criticized from the beginning the fact that the prosecution is on very weak ground. we feel validated in our assessment. so for the accusations brought on by the prosecutor have done nothing at all. >> the trial has so far heard testimony from 90 witnesses with a further 500 to come.
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the proceedings are expected to last at least until the end of next year. >> let's go to our political correspondent, and young. after getting off to a somewhat chaotic start, we have seen three months of evidence. what progress has been achieved? >> not as much as many people would have liked, partly because the courts and a lot of time on procedural questions, but also because the only surviving member of this national socialist underground terror trio accused of direct responsibility for the killings, she has refused to give evidence. another of the key accused has only given a short statement. not much cooperation, so it will be slow going. having said that, one of the accused has admitted that he provided the murder weapon. the prosecution says it feels
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that it has backed up its claim, that she was essentially there to provide an outward appearance of normality in order to allow her accomplices to act to carry out these killings. >> the revelations about the murders being carried out by neo-nazis cell have attracted international attention. >> when a series of murders was uncovered last year and the national socialist under brown was identified, there were concerns that germany's domestic intelligence operation was not working properly, that evidence that had been found by different authorities had not been brought together. so there have been many calls for better coordination between different authorities. also concerns that the
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authorities did not treat these killings as racially motivated and there are calls for federal investigators to be given more powers to act in racially motivated crimes. that is likely to be one of the calls from a parliamentary commission that is looking into this and is due to report later this month. >> now return to the middle east. we start in syria, our -- where rebel forces have captured a military airfield outside of aleppo from government troops. the facility had been used to launch helicopter attacks against the rebels. >> it has been the target of rebel attacks for a year. wahlberg rebel gains might be sure into international opponents, al qaeda groups played a major role in the offensive, inviting worries over the involvement of you hottest groups in syria's civil war. senior u.s. senator john kerry
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has said the ouster of egyptian president mohammed morsi was indeed a coup and that key financial support could be cut off unless the interim government releases political prisoners and pursue democratic reforms. >> that join international efforts to mediate a solution to egypt's political conflict. they have met leaders of the muslim brotherhood and members of the interim government. >> earlier we spoke to the head of the cairo office of the german political think tank and has just returned from the egyptian capital. we began by asking him what western mediators can hope to achieve in egypt. >> the influence is apparent, since these people have been their starting with barren us ashton, there has been a detente and attention -- barronness
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ashton. they are proposing certain models for inclusion of the muslim brothers. all of this is confidential, of course. the objective of the western media is to take the tension out and to find some sort of -- this would include the ousted muslim brothers in some sort of constitutional framework. >> there was a crackdown on for an ngo's after the fall of hosni mubarak. what is this mitchiner white -- what is the situation like now on the ground? >> it is difficult to talk to politically minded people, and these are the people we are working with, about educational programs. at the moment there is actually nothing happening seriously. i am rather optimistic because the new government, the many members of the new government
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are progressive egyptians. they are what the egyptians would call revolutionary egyptians. we have solid relationships to many of these individuals. i am optimistic that once peace returns and some sort of arrangement between the two sides has been established, that my foundation and other german foundations can continue the important work for transforming this country into stable and viable democracy. >> spanish and moroccan justice ministry officials have been meeting in madrid to discuss the fate of a convicted child rapist. >> he was mistakenly let go from a moroccan jail after receiving a royal pardon for his crimes, which included raping 11 children. >> on tuesday, a spanish judge ruled that he will be held in jail in spain until officials from both countries decide what to do with him.
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>> daniel galvan is back behind bars. he was arrested by spanish police in a southern city. last week, he and about 1000 others were issued and a royal pardon on the 14th anniversary of the market. galvan had been serving a 30- year sentence since 2011 for raping 11 children. news of his release led to widespread protests in morocco. the king has since rescinded the pardon. the palace says he was not properly informed about the crimes. it is extremely rare for any decision from the mark to be explained or justified in public. the case has led to criticism of the general practice of royal pardon in morocco. >> the entire procedure should be reviewed. it is not the first time that human rights defendants have asked for review of this
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procedure which lacks transparency and the subject to corruption. everybody knows that. the state's highest criminal court will now determine his fate. on tuesday the court ruled that he would remain in spanish custody until then. >> a german court has ordered the release of a man held against his will and a psychiatric unit for seven years. it is an unexpected turn in what has developed into a high- profile case here in germany. >> gustl mollath was hospitalized in 2006 for paranoia after he claimed his wife was helping customers avoid taxes by diverting funds abroad. she accused him of being violent and dangerous. >> an internal bank report has partially confirmed his version of events. >> he is germany's most famous
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psychiatric patient. the 56-year-old seen here in file footage is a free man again, pending his retrial. judges at the court in nuremberg ruled that the original psychological evaluation that classified him as a danger to the public was not valid. >> the judges ruled that the 2002 evaluation is false because it has not adequately been shown that the doctor who issued it also carried out the examination. >> his case began over 11 years ago when his wife filed assault charges against him. during the trial, mollath accused her of using the bank to smell of money into switzerland. years after he was committed for extreme paranoia, new evidence proves he was telling the truth. the state minister of justice underlined the independence of
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the judiciary. >> i can say i am pleased the case will be reviewed in order to clarify any legal is the any lingering questions. >> the case has now been reopened and the courts will decide whether mollath was the victim of a gross miscarriage of justice. >> in poland, after a well- deserved rest, the noble remasters and the hundreds of crewmembers will not be setting sail for their home harbors. >> some came from as far away as oman. they have been cruising the baltic sea for a full month, steering past denmark, finland, and latvia. >> i have seen a version of it in the united states. >> still to come, the venerable
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u.s. paper that changes hands. >> we will get a check on what has been moving the markets, all that and more after a short break. stay with us.
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>> welcome back. one of the most iconic newspapers in the united states is getting a new honor. the washington post is being bought by the founder of amazon.com, jeff bezos. >> the paper is known for its award winning journalism and has a loyal following. but there are significant challenges ahead. >> we have love the paper, what it stood for, said the chairman of the washington post company. the washington post is not just another u.s. newspaper. it has made history, or rather its reporters have.
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they spearheaded the reporting of the watergate scandal that led to the resignation of president richard nixon. the post has tried to adapt to the internet age, publishing both a print and online edition and putting some of its content behind a pay wall. but revenue has fallen for seven years and a row. so it is perhaps not surprising that internet sales pioneered jeff bezos is buying the's. he saw to reassure staff at the paper. the duty of the paperwork will remain to its readers and not to the private interests of its owners. he said he would not be getting involved in the day-to-day running of the paper. >> there have also been some other big publications in the u.s. changing hands this past week. "newsweek is also being sold as well as the boston globe. time for new owners to try their luck at turning a profit. >> in europe also, the print
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industry is facing some big challenges. we even -- we hear now from some reporters, starting right here in germany. >> two-thirds of the country say they still read a newspaper daily, but the margins are getting tighter here as well. several local newspapers have folded in recent years. >> sales of the daily newspapers in germany are falling steadily and there are already more than 50 fewer papers than 20 years ago. only recently, one of the largest media companies announced it was selling off a major part of its print division. more and more readers are consuming news via the internet, but quality journalism has its price. german publishers are searching for ways to persuade readers to pay for journalistic content on the web. >> in italy, subscription rates
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are already low for many daily papers. the number of readers is below the european average. the competition is immense but the pressure on the media has a different source. >> investing in the media sector is something that is very common in italy. berlusconi show that his assets gave him a lot of political influence. the same happens to the fiat car company which is the owner of one newspaper and 20% of another. another example of the newspaper sector in italy where big companies are the owners. this is something very common here in italy. >> the threat to journalistic independence is an ongoing subject in russia. few papers can operate here without state control or interference.
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but in soviet russia, the main newspaper was problem, the truth. -- pravda. there are some influential papers in the state sector, the business world, and in opposition circles, many of them are funded by the state court oligarchs loyal to this day. but in the provinces, television is the main opinion provider. >> door to's has raised its profit outlook by another 500 million biros -- deutsche post. >> earnings before interest and tax for this year could hit 3 billion in bureaus. now let's go to frankfurt and
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look at what has been moving the markets today. this report from the trading floor of the frankfurt stock exchange. >> for companies posted earnings this tuesday. only deutsche post manage to convince investors. it increased its full-year profit targets. this is a rare piece of news during the current earnings season here in germany. at least a few economic indicators looked encouraging. german factory orders are on the rise. the industrial production in italy as well, and economic growth in the united states seems to be a bit stronger than previously thought. >> let's look at how financial markets performed today by the closing bell. the dax in frankfurt slipped over 1%. in the u.s., the dow jones is
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trading down. 56% and the euro is trading at $1.33 05. >> still to come, the doping scandal that has rocked germany could see some top sports officials be named and shamed. >> first, a brief look at some other stories making headlines. >> the united states has ordered its citizens to leave it yemen immediately. washington is responding to increased terrorist threats that prompted several western countries to close its embassies in the middle east and africa. britain is also pulling out all personnel until it is safe to return. >> russia's supreme court has reduced by two months the 11- year jail sentence of the former oil tycoon and his business partner. they were jailed in 2005 on fraud and tax evasion charges. they are now scheduled for release next year.
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>> tens of thousands of people gathered in the japanese city of hiroshima to mark the 60th anniversary of the u.s. atomic bombing that killed some 140,000 people. the prime minister said japan has a duty to seek to rid the world of nuclear weapons. >> a severe wildfire is getting closer to the greek capital. hundreds of firefighters are battling the blaze north of athens, hoping to protect homes there. numerous buildings have already been evacuated. extreme dryness and high winds have repeatedly reignited the flames. >> now to that fallout from recent allegations that sports doping was widespread in former west germany in the 1960's and 1970's. >> top athletes and sports officials say their reputations have suffered a severe blow due to these allegations. a report published on monday mentions no names. the findings cast an unfair
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blanket of suspicion that all ec members of the sporting bancod substances will lead to enhance their performances. >> calls are now growing for those responsible to be held accountable. >> the calls for consequences are growing louder. officials and athletes are demanding action. they said the guilty parties must be named. this doping victim is an outrage that those behind the program were spare for so long. >> we have a president of the german olympic committee who was around during this very time frame, the 1970's. he was an athlete and he was very successful. that the perpetrators have been allowed to carry on since 1989 is partly his fault. >> the president of the german athletics association also wants the culprits to be named.
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>> since they were not named, there is a kind of general suspicion of all athletes from that generation. many prominent athletes from that time have contacted me in the last few days and sworn that they've never involved in the open. >> state ministers are to introduce an anti-doping law. doping is not a criminal offense in germany yet, but after the latest revelations, the law to be more severe than originally planned. >> if your eating or about two, just a warning that our next item is not appetizing. plumbers and the london suburb of kingston have discovered britain's largest ever lump of fat. >> it was as big as a london double decker and made up of kitchen waste and baby nappies. workers have extracted a lot and the sewers are flowing again.
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far above the earth, the u.s. space agency nasa is celebrating a successful year on the planet mars for its curiosity rover that landed there one year ago today. >> over the last 12 months, curiosity has sent back spectacular images of the red planet. it has also brought a bit of shine to the u.s. space agency once again. >> curiosity is on its own, on a quest to answer questions that have been treat humans for centuries. is there life on mars? or was their life on mars in the past? that is why nasa launched an unmanned rover into space two years ago. curiosity's arrival on the red planet exactly one year ago was just as exciting. for the curiosity team, it was one of the most intense moments of the mission. many are just as excited today.
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curiosity has delivered a steady stream of photographs, videos, and other data in the last 12 months, providing new insights for researchers. >> we have established that march could have supported life. now let's see if we can find the signs of that life. >> scientists had long suspected there was water on the surface of the red planet. the mission has cost nasa more than $2 billion so far. but the u.s. space agency has already said it plans to continue to operate the rover for as long as it can. >> thanks for being with us. we will have another update for you at the top of the hour. captioned by the national captioning institute --www.ncicap.org--
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